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ERIC Number: ED149855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Aggressive and Prosocial Television Programs on the Social Interaction of Preschool Children.
Stein, Aletha Huston; And Others
This study examined the effects of aggressive, neutral, and prosocial television programs on the way in which preschool children handle frustration. Subjects were 39 girls and 47 boys, ages 4.0 to 5.6, enrolled in a nine week summer nursery school program that met three times a week. During the middle four weeks, subjects were shown a total of 12 of one of three types of television program: aggressive, neutral, or prosocial. The Social Interaction task was administered to pairs of same-sex children immediately after a television program. The task consisted of building structures difficult for children of that age. Behavior was scored by a concealed observer. Interpersonal aggression was scored whenever there was physical or verbal aggression. Prosocial interpersonal behaviors included cooperation, helping, sharing, and verbalization of feelings. Results indicate that, for preschool boys, violent television promotes a heavy reliance of aggressive methods of dealing with frustration and that prosocial television programming promotes a reliance on prosocial means of dealing with frustration. No significant effects of television content on preschool girls were indicated. Findings are compared to those of a larger study of which this study was part. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May, 1973)