ERIC Number: ED149819
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Feb-24
Reference Count: 0
Possible Applications of Management by Objectives to the Community College.
Peters, Jeanine K.
The management by objectives (MBO) and management by objectives and results (MOR) processes place emphasis upon predicting and influencing the future, improving both individual and organizational effectiveness, and stress the active involvement and participation of managers, supervisors, and employees at every organizational level. There are eight steps involved in MBO/MOR and these can be applicable to community college management: (1) defining roles and missions at every level and functional unit; (2) determining key results in areas of priorities, policies, staff development and innovation; (3) identifying and specifying indicators of effectiveness in key result areas; (4) selecting and setting objectives for specific areas; (5) preparing action plans; (6) establishing controls and a feedback system; (7) determining communication methods; and (8) implementation. Limitations to the MBO/MOR approach in educational environments include a two- to five-year implementation period, continual personnel education and training, defining objectives in quantifiable terms, and the lack of a direct employee appraisal system. Benefits include an increase in awareness and commitment to organizational goals, improved planning, increased understanding of job expectations, better data for performance appraisal, and improved performance and communication. (LH)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document