ERIC Number: ED149657
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Four Critical Years. Effects of College on Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge.
Astin, Alexander W.
This analysis of how college affects students is based on the largest nationwide study of student development ever undertaken, a ten-year effort by the Cooperative Institutional Research Program of the American Council on Education and the University of California at Los Angeles. Using longitudinal data from over 200,000 students and 300 institutions and employing measures for more than 80 student outcomes, the study covers student attitudes, self-concepts, values, aspirations, behavior patterns, persistence, achievement, competency, career development, and satisfaction. It is shown how outcomes are affected by contrasting types of colleges, and the relative impact is estimated of institutions versus the effects of developing maturity. Examined are policy implications of the study in light of current trends in higher education. It is shown, for example, that the benefits of attending college are being seriously curtailed by recent changes in higher education, including expansion of the public sector, the trend toward larger institutions, and the deemphasis on residential experience. (Editor/MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Aspiration, Career Development, College Role, College Students, Dropout Research, Educational Benefits, Educational Change, Educational Research, Higher Education, Individual Development, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education, Persistence, Private Colleges, Residential Colleges, School Size, Self Concept, Small Colleges, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Characteristics, Student Development, Student Educational Objectives, Values
Jossey-Bass Publishers, Inc., 615 Montgomery Street, San Fancisco, California 94111 ($12.95)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A