ERIC Number: ED149644
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Phonological Differentiation of a Bilingual Child. Papers in Psycholinguistics and Sociolinguistics. Working Papers in Linguistics, No. 22.
Major, Roy C.
This study is a detailed analysis of the phonological development of Sylvia, a bilingual child, in her acquisition of American English and Brazilian Portuguese from the age of 1 year, 7 months to 3 years, 8 months. The study is divided into four stages: ages 1.7 - 1.9; 1.9 - 2.1; 2.1 - 2.3; and 2.3 - 2.8. Up to the age of 1.9, the same phonological substitutions applied to Sylvia's production of phonetically identical segments in both English and Portuguese. After the age of 1.9, phonological differentiation developed, and with it a distinct set of substitutions became associated with each language. Although this study involves only one child, it does suggest that child phonology can reveal significant things about the adult system. It also suggests that the two languages have quite different trends for future change. Evidence for this can be found from dialect comparisons as well as from Sylvia's different treatment of the two languages. Perhaps a language's tendency toward a specific type of change is governed by a language specific speech posture and a specific set of phonological processes which is a natural consequence of such a posture. (Author/CFM)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Bilingualism, Child Language, Contrastive Linguistics, English, Interference (Language), Language Acquisition, Language Patterns, Language Research, Language Variation, Linguistic Borrowing, North American English, Phonemes, Phonetic Analysis, Phonology, Portuguese, Psycholinguistics, Verbal Development
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Linguistics.