ERIC Number: ED149295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar-1
Reference Count: 0
A Developmental Examination of Basic Perceptual Processes in Reading. Final Report.
Lefton, Lester A.
This report summarizes four groups of experiments examining the nature of basic perceptual processes in reading. The first group examined the relationship of English orthography to reading, specifically the transfer of information from the icon to short-term memory. The second group of experiments examined the use of peripheral information extraction in the reading process. The third group looked at peripheral information as a function of retinal location. The fourth group looked at reading-disabled subjects and their eye-movement strategy when presented with a match-to-sample task. Overall, the studies support the notion of a peripheral-to-cognitive search guidance system in which subjects use peripheral information to a great extent. The older the subjects, the more they are able to use this peripheral information. When peripheral information is not provided, subjects do not do as well in whatever task they are provided. Reading-disabled subjects are not only unsystematic but are least likely to use this peripheral information because of their lack of a cautious, systematic strategy. (Author/AA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Research Grants.
Authoring Institution: South Carolina Univ., Columbia.