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ERIC Number: ED149243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sibling Tutoring and Other Explanations for Intelligence: Discontinuities of Only and Last Borns.
Falbo, Toni
This study explores and evaluates the explanations for apparent exception to the family size rule that IQ and family size are inversely related. Three large-scale studies were consistent in placing only children lower than firstborns from two-, three-, and four-child families, and at about the same level as firstborns from a five-child family. The explanations considered are conceptualized within the confluence model (Zajonc, 1975) which proposes that intelligence develops as a function of a combination of factors, including the child's age and experience within the family, and additionally suggests that sibling tutoring is beneficial to the intellectual development of the tutor. The author criticizes several aspects of the confluence model and states that the lack of research in this area is a further obstacle to valid conclusions. She feels that sibling tutoring is nothing more than a convenient explanation motivated by the desire to improve the correlation between simulated and real data, with little external support. She argues that further research should be conducted to test the explanation. (PFS)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A