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ERIC Number: ED149199
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Development of Sex Differences in Aggression: A Revised Model.
Hyde, Janet S.; Schuck, John R.
In response to Maccoby and Jacklin's (1974) conclusion that sex differences in aggression must be biological in origin, we suggest alternative social-learning mechanisms to explain the differences. These mechanisms include: (1) punishment for aggression increases aggression in boys, particularly because boys do not identify with the punisher; (2) boys receive sensitization training, while girls receive induction training; (3) boys receive more rewards for aggression; and (4) girls receive verbal sex-role training that discourages aggression while boys receive verbal sex-role training that encourages it. These hypotheses were tested with observations of 1,147 aggressive acts of 157 children in nine preschool and kindergarten classrooms. All of the hypotheses received support except the induction hypothesis and the verbal sex-role training hypothesis. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (San Francisco, California, August 26-30, 1977)