ERIC Number: ED149014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Occupational Preparation Programs: Implications for Vocational Education R & D. Occasional Paper No. 31.
Kruger, Daniel H.
Vocational education as a social intervention process operates on two levels: (1) the micro level at which services are designed to improve the employability of the individual and (2) the macro level where the objective is to heighten the awareness and the sensitivity of the community as to the importance of human resource development for the world of work. The mandated use of advisory committees at the local, state, and national levels is a built-in means of achieving the social participation necessary to an effective social intervention program. Also necessary is social experimentation, the process of testing what works and what doesn't. Vocational educators are conducting such experimentation in many areas, giving rise to need for a research dimension. Specific areas of research need include the interface between the five major delivery systems for employment and training services: vocational education, Vocational Rehabilitation Service, Social Services (WIN), State Employment Service, and Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs. Methodology must be developed which will provide measurements or indicators of both the social and economic effectiveness of all such programs at both the micro and macro levels. Too much concern for economic efficiency (costs/benefits and cost effectiveness) ignores the critical need to develop criteria to show program contributions to social efficiency, i.e., to values relative to the human condition. (The author's answers to questions from the audience of research and development personnel is appended.) (JT)
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Community Involvement, Educational Development, Educational Research, Evaluation Criteria, Job Training, Program Evaluation, Research Methodology, Research Needs, Social Change, Social Values, Vocational Education
National Center for Research in Vocational Education Publications, Ohio State University, 1960 Kenny Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210 ($1.90)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.