ERIC Number: ED148989
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Reviewing a Decade of School Desegregation. 1966-1975. Report of a National Survey of School Superintendents.
Williams, John; And Others
This study presents both demographic data and superintendents' reports of the processes and consequences of school desegregation for a nationally representative body of 1,292 school districts. The major analytic variable of the study is the nature and timing of steps to desegregate. The major conclusion that emerges is that desegregation actions taken from 1966 through 1975 were effective in achieving wide reductions in the isolation of racial and ethnic minorities within numerous school districts. The conclusion holds true for districts integrated under court order, those that desegregated under HEW pressure, and those that desegregated under state or locally developed pressure. While actions to desegregate were most heavily concentrated in the South and border states, such actions were also common in the northern and western states. Means employed to integrate schools included both reassignment and busing of students. Statistical data presented provides a means for assessing the actual impact of individual aspects of desegregation, including the reduction of segregation within districts, the withdrawal of white students, and the extent of disruptions which occurred. A section on research methodology is appended. The questionnaire administered to superintendents of the districts studied is included. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.