ERIC Number: ED148830
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Open Education: A Review of the Literature. Research Report; v8 n1 Jan 1978.
Bader, Carol H.; Blackmon, C. Robert
This report reviews the history of open education, the philosophy supporting it, and some conclusions drawn from testing children who have been exposed to it. The basic theory of open education is that children learn in different ways at different times from things around them which interest them. Ideally, the teacher acts as a guide and resource person and encourages pupils to proceed at their own pace and develop independence of thought. The goal is to develop in children initiative, creativity, and critical thinking. In comparative testing of open classroom and traditional classroom experiences, the number and complexity of variables involved almost preclude definite conclusions. On the whole, results for open classrooms tend to indicate improvement in cognitive areas. However, little statistically significant difference was found in other test areas. The data appear to indicate that the success of the open school is largely dependent on the individuals in the school who plan, organize and implement curriculum. (JD)
Descriptors: Educational Innovation, Elementary School Curriculum, Humanistic Education, Individual Development, Individualized Programs, Learning Processes, Literature Reviews, Open Education, Open Plan Schools, Student Attitudes, Student Centered Curriculum, Teaching Methods
Bureau of Educational Materials and Research, Louisiana State University, College of Education, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge. Bureau of Educational Materials and Research.; Louisiana Education Research Association, Baton Rouge.