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ERIC Number: ED148499
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Rural-Urban Residence and Concern with Environmental Quality: A Replication and Extension.
Tremblay, Kenneth R., Jr.; Dunlap, Riley E.
Existing data bearing on the relationship between residence and concern with environmental quality are rather ambiguous. A careful examination of all known studies of the residence-environmental concern relationship clarifies the existing ambiguity: studies which have focused on environmental problems at the state or national level seldom find a substantial relationship, while those which have focused on community or local environmental problems consistently report substantial relationships (with rural residents always ranking lower in environmental concern than urban residents). On the basis of this distinction between "local" and "distant" levels of reference, and a theoretical rationale concerning rural-urban differences in exposure to pollution and attitudes toward nature, the following hypotheses were developed: rural residents are less concerned with environmental problems than urban residents; these rural-urban differences are more pronounced when concern is assessed for environmental problems at the local community level compared to the state level; and rural farmers are less environmentally concerned than rural nonfarmers, and both are less concerned than urban residents. These hypotheses received strong support when tested with data from a 1970 statewide survey of public attitudes toward environmental problems in Oregon. The survey consisted of personal interviews with a statewide sample of 866 Oregon residents. (Author/NQ)
Descriptors: Community Attitudes, Community Problems, Conservation (Environment), Environmental Research, Hypothesis Testing, Literature Reviews, Local Issues, Natural Resources, Place of Residence, Pollution, Rural Environment, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Urban Differences, State Surveys, Urban Environment
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington State Univ., Pullman. Dept. of Rural Sociology.
Identifiers - Location: Oregon