ERIC Number: ED148474
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Medical Evaluation of the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children. Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, 2d Session. Committee Print.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.
This paper reports a medical evaluation of a federal program providing funds for special nutritious food supplements to low income pregnant and lactating women, infants, and children up to four years of age who are nutritional risks. Growth, dietary intake, and biochemical measures were obtained for study infants at the time of enrollment in the program, and after receiving food supplements for 6 and 11 months. Vital statistics, medical complications of pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy, birth weight of baby, dietary intakes and biochemical indices were the evaluation indices selected for mothers. Mothers were examined at time of enrollment, approximately every three months thereafter until time of delivery, and once after delivery (usually between four and eight weeks postpartum). Results are tabulated and their significance to public health discussed. It is concluded that the program was associated with accelerated growth in weight and height, and reduction of anemia in children. The program impact was greater on black and Spanish American babies than on white babies. Pregnant women participating in the program gained more weight during pregnancy than women in the initial population and had a reduced rate of anemia. (SB)
Descriptors: Anemia, Federal Programs, Food, Health Programs, Infants, Low Income Groups, Medical Evaluation, Mothers, Nutrition, Pregnancy, Prenatal Influences, Program Evaluation, Public Health, Tables (Data)
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($0.70; there is a minimum charge of $l.00 for each mail order)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal reproducibility of original