ERIC Number: ED148472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Sex Role Socialization in Early Childhood.
Katz, Lilian G.; And Others
This paper reviews the theory and research related to the sex role socialization of young children, specifically addressing a range of theoretical and practical issues related to the implementation of the Women's Educational Equity Act. Section I examines the influence of the family on children's sex role development, focusing on differentiated shaping by sex and imitation of same sex models. Topics included are: (1) sex-typing pressure; (2) punishment, aggression and activity level; (3) dependence and independence; (4) achievement motivation; (5) toys; (6) siblings and birth order; (7) parental role differentiation and father dominance; (8) maternal employment; and (9) father absence. Section II deals with sex role and the mass media, with emphasis on the content of television programs and the effects of television viewing. Section III discusses the school's role in stopping its own sex-typing influence and in counteracting the sex-typed attitudes of its students. Implications for school programming and recommendations for further research are presented. A list of more than 150 references is included. (JMB)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Birth Order, Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Influence, Fatherless Family, Literature Reviews, Mass Media, Modeling (Psychology), Motivation, Parent Role, Punishment, School Role, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Siblings, Socialization, Television Viewing, Toys
ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, University of Illinois, 805 West Pennsylvania Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (Catalog #171, $4.00)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Women's Program Staff.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.
Note: For companion bibliography, see PS 009 694