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ERIC Number: ED148187
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Contrastive Phonetics and the Analysis of Speech Communication. Contrastive Papers: Jyvaskyla Contrastive Studies, 4. Reports from the Department of English, No. 4.
This paper discusses some theoretical aspects of contrastive phonetics. A fundamental problem in contrasting the sound structure of two languages is the question of equivalence between the two sound systems. There are four possible criteria: (1) similar spelling; (2) similar phonetic description and transcription; (3) use of phonological criteria; and (4) perceptual similarity. K. Wiik's phonetic contrasting and substitution tests involve an acoustic comparison of physical phones combined with a systematic approach to their phonological relationships, and can be used to detect interference between units which could hardly be equated on the basis of phonological structures. Because of differing learning strategies and the hierarchy of errors associated with interference, results of contrastive phonetics cannot be considered final. And finally, the relationship of contrastive phonetics to language teaching problems must be viewed in the light of the fact that, while contrastive phonetics involves a kind of error analysis, "errors" as such are not the object of study in this kind of analysis. Rather, it seeks to determine how native speakers react to various kinds of deviations from phonetic habits of their own. Therefore, the criteria used by language teachers to evaluate pronunciation are different from those used by contrastive phonetic analysis. (AM)
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Descriptive Linguistics, Error Analysis (Language), Finnish, Finno Ugric Languages, Interference (Language), Interlanguage, Language Instruction, Language Patterns, Linguistic Theory, Phonetics, Phonology, Pronunciation, Second Language Learning, Speech Communication, Structural Analysis
Department of English, University of Jyvaskyla, 40100 Jyvaskyla 10, Finland
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Dept. of English.