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ERIC Number: ED148103
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Spelling Errors and Foreign Language Learning Strategies.
Ringbom, Hakan
The most significant criterion for classifying spelling errors is whether the erroneous form yields the same pronunciation as the intended word. Five categories can be discerned: (1) non-identical pronunciation, non-existent English word; (2) non-identical pronunciation, confusion of existing words; (3) identical pronunciation, English spelling rules broken; (4) identical pronunciation, confusion of homophones; (5) identical pronunciation, overgeneralization of existing English patterns. These can be further subdivided on the basis of omissions, additions, substitutions and transpositions of letters and whether the letter used is pronounced or can represent the intended phoneme in another native English word. An analysis of a corpus of 1,758 English spelling errors made by Finns and Swedish-speaking Finns reveals that most spelling errors made by Finns are errors of types (1) and (2), due largely to perceptual difficulties, whereas the errors made by Swedish Finns are primarily overgeneralizations of existing English patterns. Whereas Finns make more spelling errors than Swedish Finns at an intermediate stage of learning, they seem to have mastered the English spelling system better than the Swedes at an advanced level. One explanation for this might be that Finns, who, unlike Swedes, have a near-phonemic spelling system in their first language, depend more on the written form of words when they memorize them. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Contrastive Linguistics and Error Analysis (Stockholm, Sweden, Feb. 7-8, 1977)