ERIC Number: ED147972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Urban School Desegregation Costs. Part I. Case Studies.
Colton, David L.
The author of this report believes that the subject of urban school desegregation costs presents rich opportunities for research, which has great practical and theoretical interest. This collection of case studies of five urban areas undergoing court-ordered desegregation of schools is intended as a preliminary to more extensive study of the financial problems that school districts encounter in estimating and paying for the cost of school desegregation. The five cities examined are Buffalo, New York, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Cleveland, Columbus, and Dayton, Ohio. In all five cities, the courts have held that the schools have violated the equal protection clause of the Constitution. The case reports summarize the history of desegregation litigation and the efforts by plaintiffs and defendants (city and state) to comply with court orders. The author discovered that in all five cities, cost of desegregation became a political issue and that accurate estimate methods were lacking. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Costs, Court Litigation, Court Role, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Financial Problems, Public Schools, Research Needs, School Desegregation, School Districts, State Aid, State School District Relationship, Student Transportation, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Center for Educational Field Studies.
Note: Not available in paper copy due to marginal legibility of original document