ERIC Number: ED147920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Leadership: Improving Its Effectiveness. Research Action Brief Number 1.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
This brief summarizes the major findings of significant research studies dealing with different leadership behaviors and strategies for increasing leadership effectiveness. Fred Fiedler's Contingency Theory of Leadership Effectiveness emphasizes that a leader's effectiveness is determined by how well his leadership style fits the specific situation. Fiedler uses this theory to analyze the impact of training and experience on leadership effectiveness. Daniel Kunz and Wayne Hoy focus on the leadership behaviors of "initiating structure" and "consideration" and examine which behavior is more influential on teachers. Donald Piper compares the quality of problem-solving decisions made by individuals with the decisions made by groups and concludes that groups did consistently better than individuals. By comparing group members' reactions to three types of participative decision making, Carl Lowell demonstrates that the success of participative decision making depends on the method of governance used. The implications of these studies are that principals can do any of several things to increase their effectiveness as leaders, but insofar as leadership needs vary with different situations, there are no absolute guidelines for effective leadership. (Author/JG)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Leadership, Leadership Styles, Literature Reviews, Principals
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (free)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.