ERIC Number: ED147768
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Speech Forms and Reading Achievement among Black Seventh Graders.
McGinnis, James W.
Forty-eight black seventh-grade pupils participated in a study to test the assumption that the previously learned dialect of black inner-city pupils interferes with reading achievement. Standardized reading achievement test scores were used to classify the students in three groups representing three levels of reading proficiency. Speech variables were studied in two contexts: face-to-face interviews and an imitation task. Six linguistic variables identified as characteristics of black nonstandard speech were analyzed in the interview; scores on the imitation task were based on the number of times critical linguistic features were "changed." The results indicated a significant association between standardness of speech, ability to imitate standard sentence constructions, and reading achievement. The results of the study were interpreted as not supporting the notion that production of nonstandard forms is a hindrance to reading achievement: the best readers and the poorest readers had similar ability to decode and generate nonstandard forms. (Author/AA)
Descriptors: Black Dialects, Disadvantaged Youth, Doctoral Dissertations, Grade 7, Junior High Schools, Nonstandard Dialects, Performance Factors, Reading Achievement, Reading Research, Standard Spoken Usage
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 77-5009, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Yeshiva University