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ERIC Number: ED147706
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jul-31
Reference Count: 0
The "Good Manager": Masculine or Androgynous?
Powell, Gary N.; Butterfield, D. Anthony
This study investigates whether there has been a shift away from the sex-typing of the managerial profession as masculine toward an androgynous ideal. One hundred ten graduate students with jobs in the business community and 575 undergraduate business students completed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory containing "masculine"--aggressive, makes decisions easily--and "feminine"--yielding, sensitive to the needs of others--characteristics for both themselves and a "good manager." Results did not indicate the expected shift. Instead, individuals of both sexes and levels of education and experience overwhelmingly preferred a masculine manager. Undergraduate women were most feminine and thereby saw effective managers as most unlike themselves, which may lead them to hold back in pursuing management as a career or to adapting themselves to masculine standards. According to respondents' views of good managers in general, women managers would be well advised to display traits and behavior typically associated with men. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Connecticut Univ., Storrs.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (San Francisco, California, August 26-30, 1977)