ERIC Number: ED147702
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Androgynous Men: The "Best of Both Worlds?"
O'Leary, Virginia E.
This study assesses college students' reactions to both men and women who were portrayed as behaving in a manner either congruent or incongruent with sex-role stereotypically based social expectations (e.g., either crying or evincing anger in response to either the death of a spouse or severe job criticism). The subjects were 94 women and 107 men, randomly assigned to one of eight situation/sex of performer/behavior conditions. The overall results of the study provide further support for the contention that men who deviate from the stereotypically masculine role do not risk devaluation. However, the results suggest that "cross sex" behavior in women is viewed less tolerantly than in men, and imply that men appear to have a potentially wider latitude of sex-role appropriate behavior than women. The author points out that these results were obtained in a social psychology laboratory and may not be replicable in the field. (PFS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (August 26-30, 1977, San Francisco, California)