ERIC Number: ED147421
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of Reward Type and Working Condition on the Performance and Persistence of Children from Two School Settings.
Gaylord, Carolyn R.
This dissertation was conducted to investigate the persistence and performance of children from two school settings: a public school and an independent black school. The sample consisted of 64 black children, ages 7-11. Thirty-two participants, 16 boys and 16 girls were attending the public school and an equal number of participants were from the independent school. The children worked on an embedded pictures task and on a math task. The experimental conditions were as follows: individual reward, group reward, working together, and working alone. Hypothesis 1 predicted that the differences between persistence and performance when working for individual reward, and when working for group reward would be smaller at the independent school than at the public school. Hypothesis 2 predicted that the differences between persistence and performance when working alone and when working together would be smaller at the independent school than at the public school. Hypothesis 3 predicted that concern for others and vicarious achievement satisfaction would be greater in the independent school than in the public school. This study showed that the independent school strongly influenced children's persistence. The results also suggested that the socialization experiences of the independent school children predispose them to perform differently on the math problems and on the embedded pictures. Individual conditions resulted in better performance on the math task at the independent school. Group conditions had positive effects with the embedded pictures. By contrast, public school children responded similarly to the math task and the embedded pictures task.
Descriptors: Black Students, Comparative Analysis, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Environment, Persistence, Private Schools, Public Schools, Rewards, Task Performance
University Microfilms, Dissertation Copies, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-27,487)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan