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ERIC Number: ED147236
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep-8
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The New Family Equality: Myth or Reality?
Vanek, Joann
The paper analyzes the work roles of husbands and wives in the 1970s and suggests policies to implement sex equality in the workplace and at home. Data reviewed in the paper support the structural-cultural view that work behavior both inside and outside the home is shaped by deeply embedded cultural and structural forces. In 1975, 41% of families in a national survey reported that both spouses were working. Wives' contributions to the economic welfare of families was significant: in 1975, the median proportion of income contributed by the wife was 26%. However, the types of jobs held by most women were sex-linked, requiring sociability, nurturance, or other "female" characteristics. In terms of dividing housework, data show that although husbands do a substantial amount of work in the home, tasks are still divided along traditional lines. Even when fully employed, wives bear home and family care responsibilities. Women's attitudes toward family and work roles seem to be less traditional as their educational and employment experience increase. Social policy goals to achieve sex equality must include restructuring the labor force, transforming part-time work to more meaningful employment, compensating for work at home, and increasing child support and day care programs. (Author/AV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (Chicago, Illinois, September 5-9, 1977)