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ERIC Number: ED147234
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Use of the Courts by Women's Groups to Obtain Rights.
O'Connor, Karen
This study examines how women's groups have made use of litigation strategy to gain favorable policy decisions from the U.S. Supreme Court. The litigation strategies associated with four groups are discussed in the major portion of the report. These groups are: (1) the National Women's Suffrage Association (NWSA), active from 1869 to 1875; (2) the National Consumer's League (NCL), active from 1907 to 1936; (3) and the two contemporary groups which have been the primary authors of litigation since 1966, the National Organization for Women (NOW), and the American Civil Liberties Union Women's Rights Project (WRP). Conclusions indicate that most women's groups begin their activity by pursuing legislation to secure a substantive right for women. However, women's efforts do not end when legislation goes into effect; non-implementation may occur unless the legislation is defended. Further, foundation support appears to be critical in aiding group success; limited funds have caused women's groups to limit activities. A chart outlining cases brought before the supreme court is included in the appendix. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (Washington, D.C., September 4-6, 1977); Not available in hard copy from EDRS due to poor reproducibility of original document