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ERIC Number: ED147210
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
The Convergence Theory Reconsidered: Political and Economic Determinants of Social Welfare Effort, A Cross-National Analysis.
Weiss, Joseph W.; Williamson, John B.
The convergence theory asserts that industrial nations are becoming increasingly alike due to their economic and technological development. Most interpretations of the convergence theory either state or imply that political factors are unimportant in shaping the common welfare state toward which all industrial nations are converging. Using data on 39 countries, the authors present evidence indicating that, contrary to expectation, egalitarian political movements (socialist parties and labor unions) have a substantial impact on a nation's social welfare effort. The effect of egalitarian political movements is, however, substantially less than that of economic development when the appropriate models are specified. The authors conclude that one way in which egalitarian political movements affect a nation's social welfare effort is through their impact on the development of a social welfare bureaucracy. On the basis of this study, the authors propose that the relevance of political factors in the convergence theory be reconsidered. (Author/DRS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A