ERIC Number: ED147033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Professional Paradigms in Programs for Parents and Children.
Schaefer, Earl S.
This paper discusses two paradigms which shape the policies and programs involved in the provision of professional services for parents and children. The paradigm identified as most influential in this area in the past is characterized as incorporating an individualistic, pathological perspective. The programs associated with this paradigm are described as emphasizing: (1) provision of services to the isolated individual; (2) contribution of professionals within their own institutions; and (3) treatment, amelioration, or remediation of deficiencies and deviations. The possibility that this paradigm may be counter-productive to child and family mental health is discussed and relevant research is cited. The new paradigm which is emerging from research on parents and children is characterized as a socio-ecological, developmental paradigm. Programs developed under the influence of this paradigm are described as emphasizing: (1) delivery of services within a family, community, and cultural context; (2) strengthening and supporting of family and community interaction; and (3) identification, development, and reinforcement of strengths, skills, and adaptive behaviors. Sources contributing to the development of this paradigm are identified and strategies for implementing a socio-ecological paradigm in the human service professions are discussed. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (85th, San Francisco, California, August 26-30, 1977)