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ERIC Number: ED146779
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Verb Form and Function in the Speech of French Immersion Pupils. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 14.
Harley, Birgit; Swain, Merrill
This pilot study investigates the performance in French of five English-speaking children, who are enrolled in their sixth year of a primary French immersion program in a Toronto elementary school. From speech data obtained in individual interviews, an analysis is made of the students' control of the French verb system. The subjects are found to use verbs with almost as much frequency as native French speakers, but they produce a smaller variety of verb forms. One verb form that they appear in general unable to produce is the conditional. An analysis of how the immersion children endeavor to communicate the hypothetical function, commonly realized by the conditional form in French, reveals that they substitute a variety of formal simplifications, which have the effect of weakening, but not completely eliminating, the notion of the hypothetical. (Author/CLK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, French, Immersion Programs, Language Instruction, Language of Instruction, Language Patterns, Language Programs, Language Research, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Verbs
Bilingual Education Project, the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor St. West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6 (as long as supply lasts).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Bilingual Education Project.
Note: For related documents, see FL 008 939-942; Paper presented at the Conference of the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (Fredericton, New Brunswick, June, 1977)