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ERIC Number: ED146774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Acquisition of Passive, Causative, and "te moraw" Constructions in Japanese: A Case Study on a Two-Year-Old.
Harada, Kazuko I.
The development of production and comprehension by one two-year-old girl of three Japanese constructions (passives, causatives, and "te moraw"), which have similar surface configurations "NP ga NP ni V ("rare"/ "sase"/ "te moraw") TENSE," is investigated through elicited imitations and responses to the investigator's questions about the content of material sentences after the repetition task. Results are examined in terms of such factors as length, reversibility, embeddedness, and lack of correspondence in grammatical relations between deep and surface structures, which have been proposed to explain the difficulty of the acquisition of other sentences. It was observed that the embeddedness of sentences does not play a significant role in the comprehension of these constructions. Rather, semantic factors such as the participation of the causer in the action denoted by the embedded verbs and the reversibility of sentence (in the case of passives and "te moraw") contribute to the complexity of sentences. It is also pointed out that a word order strategy which interprets the first NP as the agent of a verb and the second one as beneficiary, which was established on the basis of comprehension of simple sentences, is also employed in the comprehension of "te moraw" at this stage of development. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A