ERIC Number: ED146752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct-3
Reference Count: 0
Preventing Mental Retardation--More Can Be Done: Report to the Congress by the Comptroller General of the United States.
Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.
Presented is a report on the current status of implementation of the Presidential goal (made in 1971) to reduce by half the incidence of mental retardation by the end of this century. Major conclusions are as follows: no major agency of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) has been made responsible for seeing that the goal is put into practice, coordinating efforts, clarifying agency roles and resource commitments, and measuring progress in meeting the goal; prevention of mental retardation has not been designated an objective by HEW's agencies responsible for prevention; and systems have not been established or methods developed to assess progress in achieving the goal. Chapters focus on the following topics: mental retardation and its causes, improvements needed in HEW administration of the prevention effort, expanding newborn screening for metabolic disorders, improving prenatal care to reduce prematurity and low birth weight, identifying persons in need of genetic testing and counseling, improving immunization levels for rubella and measles, increased screening to detect lead poisoning, expanding testing and immunization to prevent Rh disease, and improving early childhood experiences. Conclusions, recommendations, and HEW comments follow the discussion in each chapter. Appended are such items as a list of the principal HEW officials responsible for activities discussed in the report. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.