ERIC Number: ED146680
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of Educational Expenditures. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 246.
This paper presents data on educational expenditures of lesser developed countries (LDCs) and member countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and compares patterns of expenditures by levels of education. Expenditures for each level of education are also analyzed in terms of unit costs, enrollment rates, and the proportion of school-age population in the total population. Statistical analysis of the data shows no significant relationship between the portion of Gross National Product (GNP) a nation dedicates to education and GNP per capita. Also, the way countries allocate the educational budget among levels of education bears no relationship to GNP per capita. However, countries within the same geographic region do present similar patterns of educational financial variables. Comparison of educational expenditures for LDCs and OECD countries reveals that the low elementary school enrollment rates in LDCs can be attributed to large primary school-age populations, rather than to low total primary school expenditures or high unit costs. However, the low enrollment rates in secondary and higher education in LDCs are mainly the result of exceedingly high unit costs in relation to GNP per capita. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.