ERIC Number: ED146475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Mother and Peer Influences on Children's Sex-Role Play Behaviors.
Downs, A. Chris; Langlois, Judith H.
One of a series of studies originating in Austin, Texas examining the relative contribution of the primary socializing agents on the child's sex-role development, their study was designed to determine whether mother and peers of nursery school children differentially reward or punish play with sex-appropriate or sex-inappropriate toys. The study controlled for the number and kinds of sex-typed toys present during mother-child and peer-child interaction. The subjects were 48 3-and 5-year-old boys and girls, their mothers, and their same-sex, same-age peers. Each child was observed by concealed video camera with mother, with peer, and alone. In each situation a new toy set was introduced; one "masculine", one "feminine". Broad results indicate that both mothers and peers contingently ridicule and verbally interfere when children play with inappropriate sex-typed toys. Girls are likely to receive more differential reward for playing with feminine toys than boys for playing with masculine, and boys more punishment than girls for reverse situations. Results suggest that peer influence is greater than mother's with the older child. (PFS)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Child Development, Mother Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence, Peer Acceptance, Peer Relationship, Play, Preschool Children, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Social Development
An extended version of this report is available from A. Chris Downs, Dept. of Psychology, 330 Mezes Hall, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX. 78712
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Texas Univ., Austin. Inst. of Human Development.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May 1977)