ERIC Number: ED146313
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Group Composition in a Voluntarily Integrated School.
Brookshire, William K.; Ernst, Nora S.
This study concerns the sociometric group patterns of two grades of elementary school children in a voluntarily integrated magnet school. A sociometric measure was administered to two grade levels of this school on a repeated measures design. The grades were the first and the fifth. Each child was asked to complete the sociometric measure which asked for three positive choices in a play situation and three positive choices in a study situation. Basically each child was asked to state which three persons in the class he would most like to play with. Then he was asked to name those three he would like to study with. Findings indicated the following: (1) Neither grade displayed a tendency to group on cross sex within their own races. Cross race groups, however, were noted in all administrations and did not appear to either increase or decrease in frequency over time. (2) There appeared to be a difference in the pattern between grades. The first grade children appeared to remain rather stable in the pattern of the groups, and to have smaller grouping than did the fifth graders. Females at the fifth grade level appeared to be slightly more clique oriented. Several large groups of all female white or all female black composition were noted. (3) There did not seem to be any differences between the questions of play and study. (4) The size of the group may have had an effect on the composition. (5) The major conclusion is that these children did not seem to have broken into four static groupings on the basis of sex and race. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A