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ERIC Number: ED146311
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of Time and Technology by Households in the United States.
Stafford, Frank; Duncan, Greg
In this paper, the life cycle and comparative static models of time are used to interpret household behavior as measured by data collected in the Time Use Survey, a national probability sample of U.S. households conducted by the Survey Research Center of the University of Michigan in 1975-76. Also, some time-series comparisons are made by reviewing published data from a similar time-use project conducted by the Survey Research Center in 1965 and from the Current Population Survey. The organization of the paper is as follows: Section I presents some descriptive statistics on time use at work. Differences between The Current Population Survey and time-diary estimates of labor market hours are assessed. Section II reviews the basic life-cycle labor supply models and presents some tests of their implications. Section III analyzes non-market time use of those in the labor market and provides tests of both the life cycle and comparative static models of labor supply. The data suggest that households do respond to wage opportunities and income not only with respect to their labor market responses but also with respect to non-market lifestyles. If anything, the non-market time uses are more responsive to wages rates than are labor market hours. Section IV analyzes the division of labor between husbands and wives in carrying out routine household chores. It is noted that time diary estimates of the division of time between market work and other activities give an impression of time use very different from conventional measures of labor supply. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A