ERIC Number: ED146278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Integrating Schools in the Nation's Largest Cities: What Has Been Accomplished and What is Yet to Be Done.
Farley, Reynolds; Wurdock, Clarence
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of governmental actions from 1967 to 1974 to integrate public schools in the nation's cities. Data used were obtained from the Office of Civil Rights and were drawn from school districts in the 100 largest metropolitan areas. The results of this evaluation indicate there are substantial indications of progress in both the North and the South. Federal courts overturned most of the delaying tactics which southern cities were using to avoid integration. In most southern cities, black and white children now attend the same schools and the level of segregation is low. Beginning in the early 1970's, increasing pressure was applied to northern cities. The courts ruled that school board policies were partly responsible for the high levels of segregation still obtaining in many of the northern metropolitan areas. This paper concludes that although progress has been made in reducing segregation, there is still much to be accomplished. A few southern and many northern cities have schools which are as segregated today as they were a decade ago. The litigation process and HEW compliance proceedings are time consuming, and a reluctant school board can still delay integration. A more serious impediment, however, to the integration of big city schools is the city-suburban disparity in racial composition. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Board of Education Policy, Desegregation Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Courts, Metropolitan Areas, Northern Schools, Public Schools, Racial Composition, Racial Integration, Racial Segregation, Racially Balanced Schools, School Desegregation, Southern Schools, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Population Studies.