ERIC Number: ED146231
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Calibration of an Item Pool for the Adaptive Measurement of Achievement.
Bejar, Isaac I.; And Others
The applicability of item characteristic curve (ICC) theory to a multiple choice test item pool used to measure achievement is described. The rationale for attempting to use ICC theory in an achievement framework is summarized, and the adequacy for adaptive testing of a classroom achievement test item pool in a college biology class is studied. Using criteria usually applied to ability measurement item pools, the item difficulties and discriminations in this achievement test pool were found to be similar to those used in adaptive testing pools for ability testing. Studies of the dimensionality of the pool indicate that it is primarily unidimensional. Analysis of the item parameters of items administered to two different samples reveals the possibility of a deviation from invariance in the discrimination parameter but a high degree of invariance for the difficulty parameter. The pool as a whole, as well as two subpools, are judged to be adequate for use in adaptive testing. It is also concluded that the ICC model is not inappropriate for application to typical college classroom achievement tests similar to the one studied. (Author/MV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Adaptive Testing, Biology, College Students, Higher Education, Item Analysis, Item Banks, Latent Trait Theory, Measurement Techniques, Models, Multiple Choice Tests, Test Construction
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Appendix may be marginally legible due to print quality of original