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ERIC Number: ED146200
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Classroom Interaction Patterns and Student Characteristics on the Acquisition of Proficiency in English as a Second Language. Summary Report.
Stone, Meredith K.; McDonald, Frederick J.
A study to determine the effects of certain teaching methods on English proficiency is summarized. Participants were students and teachers of English as a second language at the West New York (New Jersey) Adult Learning Center. A pretest, observation, post test design was used. Data on student background characteristics such as age, sex, previous education and employment, and country of origin were also collected. Results of the statistical analysis indicated that teaching style did affect student gains in proficiency, particularly for certain types of students. The analysis--which considered student background, classroom interaction patterns, pretest performance, and final proficiency--indicated that there were four combinations related to superior classrooms. (1) Students with more education, more previous English instruction, and higher level jobs learned more with a free response mode and a question and answer paradigm. (2) Students who had been in this country longer, had higher level jobs, and had studied English previously demonstrated exceptional gains when instruction included direct-read and/or ask questions along with free response, and question-answer-corrective feedback-prompt-answer interactions. (3) Well-educated, well-employed women with superior English training in their country of origin demonstrated high achievement with the interaction pattern, teacher direct-student read and/or ask question. (4) Younger, less well-educated male students who had recently arrived from Western Europe learned well when interaction patterns were supportive and individualized. (Author/MV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Basic Education, Adults, Age Differences, Classrooms, Day Schools, Educational Background, English (Second Language), Ethnic Origins, Interaction, Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Oral English, Predictor Variables, Sex Differences, Spanish Speaking, Student Characteristics, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Characteristics, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: For related documents, see TM 006 581, 582, and 583