ERIC Number: ED146154
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Grade and Sex Differences in Adjective Descriptions of Elementary School Children Given by Their Teachers and by Classroom Observers. Report No. 75-22.
Baum, Michael C.; And Others
Characterizations, given in the form of descriptive adjectives, of second- through fifth-grade elementary school children by their classroom teachers and by classroom observers were analyzed in this report and compared with each other. Females consistently received more favorable characterizations than males, especially as reflected in teacher data. However, these differences in perception were based upon differences in child behavior, with girls showing higher academic achievement and better work habits, as well as presenting fewer control and behavior problems; thus they do not constitute unjustified teacher bias in favor of girls. Characterizations differed minimally across grade levels and showed a consistent decrease in activity level adjectives and increasing responsibility and maturity adjectives with age. Comparison of teacher and observer perceptions revealed statistically significant, but only moderate, agreement. This may have been due to role differences between the two groups. Teachers were influenced heavily by factors related to the teacher and student roles, whereas observers paid relatively less attention to these factors and relatively more to the students' personal and social characteristics and their behavioral interactions. (MJB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.
Note: Parts of appendix are marginally legible due to print quality