ERIC Number: ED146148
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Conduct of Development in Education. Occasional Paper 14.
Schutz, Richard E.
The concept of development in education is examined, being defined as "the systematic use of scientific knowledge directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including design and development of prototypes and processes." Historical antecedents of present development are briefly discussed. Contrast is made between the manner in which development is conducted when regarded as operating within the boundaries of educational research and practice and when it is regarded as operating within the wider area of scientific knowledge and technological capacity in general. The contrasts are made in terms of dominating paradigms, disciplines, institutions, and time frames. It is argued that the current state-of-the-art of development in education justifies a radical restructuring of the conduct of development, based upon the efforts of other developmental enterprises (defense, space, and industry). Eleven alternate routes for modifying an educational system are described, among them administrative organization, authoritative analysis, legislation, training, and trends. A number of dilemmas (e.g., independence/dependence, competition/ cooperation) are examined, which must be accommodated in order for effective development to take place. Finally, several manpower predispositions favorable to development processes are presented and discussed. (MJB)
Descriptors: Developmental Programs, Educational Development, Fundamental Concepts, Labor Force Development, Material Development, Models, Organizational Development, Systems Development
Phi Delta Kappa, 8th and Union, Box 789, Bloomington, Indiana 47401 ($1.50)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa, Bloomington, IN.
Note: Paper presented at the Symposium on Educational Research and Development, National Institute of Education (Washington, D.C., December 11-12, 1972)