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ERIC Number: ED146052
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of the Use of Math Manipulative Materials in North Dakota. No. 8.
The results of a survey of elementary school teachers in North Dakota are reported, in a search for answers to two questions: (1) What manipulative materials are currently being used for mathematics instruction, and to what extent; and (2) Who is using them? A brief review of previous research indicated that the use of manipulative materials is more effective than non-use. A questionnaire was sent to principals in each of the three levels of elementary schools in North Dakota; 116 schools (79%) returned 989 completed questionnaires (47%). Data on teacher characteristics, the extent of use of materials, attitudes toward materials, and relationships among variables are reported. Manipulative materials were used at all grade levels (K-6); 14 materials were used at all grade levels 1-6, with two not used in kindergarten. Almost half (48%) of the respondents indicated "little" use of materials, while 7% indicated "extensive" use. Metric materials were most widely used, followed by counting chips and bundles of sticks. Teachers believed that slow learners profit more from using materials (94%) than average (77%) or fast learners (41%). Forty percent felt that materials were "always needed" (K-12). Correlations among selected variables are presented, followed by discussion and recommendations. (MS)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Instruction, Laboratories, Manipulative Materials, Mathematics Education, Surveys, Teaching Methods
Bureau of Educational Research and Services, University of North Dakota, Box 8158 University Station, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58202 ($1.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Dakota Univ., Grand Forks. Bureau of Educational Research and Services.
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota