ERIC Number: ED145961
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pronouns and the Social Self in Mother-Child Conversation.
Guy, Rebecca F.; Allen, Donald E.
This study examines the use of personal pronouns by 6-year-old children. It was hypothesized that the child's use of personal pronouns would reflect an emphasis and awareness of the social self as actor and that the self as subject would be less salient. Subjects were 128 first or only children and their mothers. Five-minute conversations between mother and child were taped and replayed for the subjects in order to identify doubtful words for the typed transcript. Results indicated that the children preferred self reference pronouns (I, me, we, they). The pronoun most frequently used by the children was "I". Specific other pronouns (he, she, him, her), followed in usage, and references to the immediate other (you) were least used. In the mothers' speech, self references were less frequent than references to the child. Mothers' most frequently used pronoun was "you". References to the immediate other were followed in frequency by references to self and then by references to a specific other. Data are compared to data on the use of pronouns by college students and analyzed for their use in nominative and accusative forms. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A