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ERIC Number: ED145952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Children's Understanding of the Words "Know" and "Guess."
Miscione, John L.; And Others
This study investigated preschool children's understanding of the words "know" and "guess." Subjects for the study were 48 male and female preschool children ranging in age from 3.6 to 6.6 years. The children were divided into three age groups representing one year intervals. The task for the study involved a "guessing" game in which a colored shape was hidden under one of three small boxes. To determine whether the children could differentially use the words "know" and "guess", their state of knowledge was manipulated by having them either watch or close their eyes while the experimenter hid the toy. In addition, in order to determine if information about the correctness of their choice might influence their judgments, these judgments were elicited both before and after they were informed about the correctness of their choice. Results indicated a positive linear relationship between age level and correct response. The youngest children tended to respond randomly while the oldest responded in an adult pattern. The middle age range children were evenly distributed between those who based their answers on the experimenter's indication of the correctness of their response and those who responded according to whether they had seen the toy being hidden. The results were discussed in terms of: (1) a developmental model for the acquisition of words for non-perceivable events and (2) the relationship of this model to the theoretical conception of the transition from preoperational to concrete operational thought. (Author/BD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)