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ERIC Number: ED145951
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Prosocial Television and Children's Fantasy.
Fox, Sandra; And Others
This study, part of a larger study on the effects of prosocial television and environmental variables on children's behavior, analyzed fantasy structure and content characteristics. Also investigated were possible effects of treatment and sex. Following a baseline period, 142 lower-class children were assigned to one of four experimental treatments: (1) Prosocial TV with teacher training for rehearsal activities and prosocial play materials; (2) Prosocial TV with prosocial materials; (3) Prosocial TV only; and (4) Neutral films. Twenty 16 mm. films of "Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood" (prosocial TV) or 20 neutral films were shown in the classroom. Imaginative fantasy was highest in the Prosocial TV-Training and Prosocial TV-Materials conditions, differing significantly from the Prosocial TV Only and Neutral treatments. Aggressive fantasy was highest in the Prosocial TV-Training condition, differing significantly from the Neutral treatment. Fantasy with positive social interaction was highest in the Prosocial TV-Materials condition, differing significantly from the Neutral treatment. It was concluded that prosocial television, in combination with related environmental variables, affects the structure and content of children's fantasy in both predicted and unpredicted directions. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Filmed from best available copy; Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)