ERIC Number: ED145728
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Computer-Based Linguistic Analysis.
Wright, James R.
Noam Chomsky's transformational-generative grammar model may effectively be translated into an equivalent computer model. Phrase-structure rules and transformations are tested as to their validity and ordering by the computer via the process of random lexical substitution. Errors appearing in the grammar are detected and rectified, and formal correctness of the grammar is verified. Non-trivial semantic problems arise when predictable compatible lexical items fail to interchange, and interesting syntactic problems occur when various related transformations interact. Applications of the computer to linguistic analysis (with actual computer output information) are shown on the following levels: (1) phonological: computer-generated phonotactically correct language simulations, including English, Spanish, Turkish, Cherokee, Japanese, and Chiquitlan Mazatex; (2) morphological: derivational prefixation and affixation of contemporary American English, with focus upon formalizing the complementary distribution factors of allomorphs; (3) syntactic: generation of English kernel sentences, a semantic feature lexicon, and the application and results of twenty representative transformations; (4) semantic: investigation of the degree of lexical interchangability tolerated within the boundaries of the eight English parts of speech. Non-computer-users are shown the ease with which neophytes can enter into this area of linguistic research and the results which they can expect to obtain immediately. (Author/CFM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Mountain Interstate Foreign Language Conference (October 1977); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document