ERIC Number: ED145624
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Psychiatric Services and the Changing Institutional Scene, 1950-1985.
Reported are the trends in patterns of use of psychiatric facilities in the United States from 1946 to 1973 and the impact such changes have had on the composition of the institutional population. Sections cover the sources of data, changes in locus of delivery of mental health services, changes in composition of other institutional populations, factors responsible for change in composition of institutional population, and implications of expected changes in the composition of the population for the mental health services and the institutional population. Findings are noted to show that as a result of the development of community based programs for the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of persons with mental disorders, the locus of care of persons with such disorders has shifted from the large state mental hospitals to community based facilities, particularly to outpatient psychiatric services and community mental health centers. It is explained that these changes have effected the composition of the institutional population with a shift from greater numbers in mental institutions to greater numbers in homes for the aged. Changes are seen to be caused by a variety of factors which include social legislation, treatment discoveries, and increasing costs of general hospital and domiciliary care for persons with chronic illnesses. Among appendixes are definitions and tables detailing the numbers of persons in specific types of institutions according to age, sex, and race. (SBH)
Descriptors: Demography, Disabilities, Exceptional Child Research, Institutionalized Persons, Psychiatric Hospitals, Statistical Data, Trend Analysis
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock No. 017-024-00636-0)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
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