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ERIC Number: ED145392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Case Study using Token Reward on Oral Reading Rate, Error Reduction, and Comprehension of a Reading Deficient Child.
Ervin, Tommye A.; Fox, Paul A.
This case study reports the use of token reinforcement in remedial reading instruction with an eleven-year-old boy from rural Appalachia. During phase one, tokens were given for reading 50-word passages without error; token value was contingent upon the number of attempts necessary to read without error. During phase two, words missed in phase one were presented individually, with medium-value tokens given for correct responses, and words missed were re-presented at the end of the series. Phase three was an exact replication of phase one, to provide a success experience following the early attempt and practice. Access to the remedial reading sessions was contingent upon appropriate classroom deportment. After fourteen half-hour sessions, reading comprehension and reading rate improved, and errors decreased. Classroom deportment improved dramatically when the "entrance to therapy" contingency was in effect. (Author/AA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC.
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