ERIC Number: ED145355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
Practice, Performance, and Sex: Sex-Role Appropriateness, Success, and Failure as Determinants of Men's and Women's Task Learning Capability. Technical Report No. 1.
Kipnis, Dorothy McBride; Kidder, Louise H.
This study examines the performance of 85 men and women in two motor learning tasks, which were identified as tasks usually performed better by women or alternatively, by men. Both men and women demonstrated best task learning when they believed that most members of their sex did well on the task, and when no evaluative judgments were made on their learning progress. Women enjoyed the tasks more when they were told the activities were ones which men did well rather than those in which women did well. When the tasks were described as jobs women could do well, both men and women saw them as more dependent on luck. Unexpected in this study was the fact that black men and women described themselves as more masculine on the Bem Sex-Role Inventory than did the whites. The race differences in this self-perception should be further investigated. The number of subjects in the study is small, but results are replicable. (Author/PFS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Organizational Effectiveness Research Program.
Authoring Institution: University City Science Center, Philadelphia, PA.