ERIC Number: ED145353
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Justice Judgements: Role Demands and Perception of Fairness.
Karuza, Jurgis; Leventhal, Gerald S.
This study tests basic assumptions of the justice judgment model which assumes there are alternative justice norms whose relative importance depends on the social situation. The subjects (120 men and 120 women) received information about the nutritional neediness and school performance of four children, and then donated money to them. Many subjects paid no attention to the children's school performance, but simply gave more reward to those with greater need. However, when a policy statement emphasized the importance of developing useful citizens who could benefit their country, the subjects changed their pattern of reward distribution and gave higher reward to better performers as well as to children with greater need. The subjects' donation responses were also influenced by whether the funds they dispensed were earmarked for purchase of food or purchase of school supplies. Thus the findings indicate that an allocator's perception of fairness may change in accord with the demands of authority and organizational policy. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D. C., September 3-7, 1976); Not available in hard copy, due to marginal legibility of original document