ERIC Number: ED145335
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-May
Reference Count: 0
The Reduction of Aggressive Behavior: Behavioral Strategies and Contingency Messages.
Paul, Stephen C.; Thelen, Mark H.
College students were instigated by a confederate and then interacted with that same person on a reaction time completion task. The confederate informed half of the treatment subjects of the response strategy he intended to adopt. The other half received an irrelevant message. Subjects in both message conditions then competed against the confederate who employed one of the following five response consequence strategies: (a) consistently set a constant, maximum shock across all trials; (b) consistently set a constant, minimal shock across all trials; (c) set contingent shocks identical to the subject's response on the preceding trial; (d) set contingent shocks to settings below the subject's response; or (e) set contingent shocks two settings below the subject's response. A no-treatment group obtained no message and no consequences, but chose from five available intensities of shocks to deliver to the confederate on those trials on which the confederate's reaction time was slower. The intensities of the subject's shocks were recorded. The strategy which delivered noncontingent-low shocks resulted in the lowest level of retaliation when an irrelevant message was delivered. In the presence of a relevant message, the contingent-match group rendered the least aggressive behavior. These findings help to clarify previous research and conceptualizations in this area. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May 5-7, 1977)