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ERIC Number: ED145312
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Summary of Effects of Biological Factors on Sex-Related Differences in Mathematics Achievement.
Sherman, Julia
Critically reviewed evidence relevant to hypotheses of biological sources of sex-related cognitive differences as they relate to mathematics achievement include the following: explanations based on the assumption of greater variability in male cognitive performance; sex-related differences in serum urate; effects of estrogens compared to androgens on cognitive functioning; recessive X-linked hypotheses of the inheritance of mathematical problem solving and spatial visualization, and hypotheses of sex-related differences in brain lateralization, including how they relate to rate of maturation. Empirical support of these hypotheses is weak and mostly inconsistent with available data. Some tentative support was found for the role of earlier left cerebral dominance in females as a factor, interacting with educational and cultural experiences, which could lead more females than males to emphasize a verbal, analytic rather than a spatial, gestalt approach. Research implications are discussed. An annotated bibliography is included. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, N.Y., April 4-8, 1977) ; Best copy available