ERIC Number: ED145289
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Conservation Abilities in Middle-Aged and Elderly Adults.
Selzer, S. Claire; Denney, Nancy W.
This study investigated the relationship between both age and conservation and education and conservation. The participants were 16 middle-aged adults, 16 institutionalized adults, and 16 noninstitutionalized adults. Each individual was given three conservation of substance problems, three conservation of weight problems, and three conservation of volume problems. Both the judgments and explanations of the judgments were recorded. A 3 (middle-aged, institutionalized elderly, noninstitutionalized elderly) X 2 (sex) X 2 (judgment, explanation) X 3 (substance, weight, volume) analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for type of response. Judgements were correct significantly more often than were explanations. No other effects were significant. The relationship between education and conservation suggests that the age differences obtained in previous studies may have been a result of differences in the level of education obtained by the various age groups rather than a result of age per se. (Author)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Cognitive Ability, Conservation (Concept), Education, Educational Research, Gerontology, Institutionalized Persons, Middle Aged Adults, Older Adults, Sex Differences
Nancy W. Denney, Dept. of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, 66045
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kansas Univ., Lawrence.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977) ; This research was supported in part by the University of Kansas General Research Fund