ERIC Number: ED145038
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep-4
Reference Count: 0
Successful Black Farmers: Factors in Their Achievement.
Brown, Minnie M.; Larson, Olaf F.
This paper identifies individual and institutional factors which have facilitated or inhibited the achievement of successful black farmers. The information derived from the case studies is used to develop a model which can be used in working effectively with black farmers. The thirteen case studies discussed focus on the following: (1) reasons for choosing farming as an occupation, (2) past farming experiences, (3) acquisition and retention of land, (4) sources for obtaining agricultural credit, (5) present farming operations, (6) participation in farm programs, (7) social and political participation, (8) socioeconomic characteristics of the farmers, and (9) perceptions of the future for blacks in American agriculture. In analyzing the cases of the selected farmers, several common factors emerged. These serve as the framework for the discussion. These factors are: (1) desire to farm, (2) strong work orientation, (3) land as a basis for economic security, (4) managerial skills and commitment to learn, (5) linkages with nonfarm organizations and activities, and (6) family goals and supports. Results indicate that the selected farmers had practical agricultural experience and personal capacity but few material resources when they started out. Their present level of success is in some measure related to their ability to convert assets of one type into assets of another. At least two liabilities stand out, namely generally low levels of formal education and racial discriminatory practices among agricultural agencies and related institutions. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Madison, Wisconsin, September 1-4, 1977)